It is the first to use the "Method Champenoise" manually turning the bottles and disgorging manually to eliminate the natural sediments in the bottles.
Gedeon Guinot, initially a Herbalist, Liquor and Wine maker, develops the Blanquette de Limoux and creates ‘Maison Guinot’.
Under the Third Republic, after Napoleon III, the era of the "Belle Epoque" of Offenbach's operas, the works of Victor Hugo and Jules Verne. Technical discoveries: Louis Pasteur in medicine, the phonograph by Thomas Edison.
Dom Perignon, a Benedictine monk, perhaps after a brief pilgrimage to the Abbey of St. Hilaire, invents champagne, also naturally sparkling wine.